Though several other options are available, but woods are the best choice for making furniture for your house. The elegance and style that wooden furniture offer, can’t get from others. Different types of wood are used for creating the furniture. Each wood is unique and in their natural color reacts differently to the finishes.
Different types of woods
The more you know about the characteristics of the wood, the better will be your selection in choosing the particular type of wood for your furniture. Generally, two types of wood are used for making furniture, hardwood and softwood.
Oak: Oak is the most widely used wood for furniture. Almost sixty species of oak woods are available in USA, divided into two varieties- white and red. Red oak is known as black oak. Oak is light-colored, heavy hardwood perfect for furniture.
Maple: Maple is usually used as Bowling alley floors for its hardness and resistant to shock nature. 115 species of maple are available, but only five species are commercially grown in the USA. Violin backs are also made from the maples that has curly grain.
Mahogany: Mahogany or Honduras mahogany is a tropical hardwood. Different types and species are available under this name. The mahogany derives from the Caribbean are assumed to be the hardest, strongest and of best quality. Mahogany with regular pore structure is very hard. According to the grades and style, the price is also variable.
Cherry: Cherry is sometimes known as fruitwood, for its light brown color. It is moderately hard, strong, light to red brown color wood which is easy to polish and carve.
Walnut: This is extremely durable and hard, without being heavy. Walnut is known as the most versatile cabinet making wood. The color of the wood is light to dark chocolate color. It has high woodworking qualities and takes excellent finishes too. Widely used in the different cabinet making.
Rosewood: The next one is rosewood, extremely hard with minimal woodworking quality. It takes minimum polish and generally used in musical instruments.
Spruce: This one is very hard and strong, but takes finishes well and show less resistance to water. These words are perfect for making aircrafts, masts of ships, etc.
Hickory: One of the hardest and strong wood. 15 species are available among which 8 are commercially used. Where hardness and thickness are required, this hickory wood is used.
Redwood: Redwood is resistant to heat, moisture and insects. It is widely used to create outdoor furniture.
Fir: Versatile uses of this wood prove its popularity, widely used in the making of furniture, doors, frames, windows, etc. It also has high woodworking quality and show resistance to decay.
Pines: Pine is usually grown in the Northern Hemisphere. They are white and yellow-white colored wood that resists shrinking and swelling.
These are the most commonly used types of wood to make furniture, cabinets, doors, windows, etc. Each wood has its own characteristics and positive sides. Whenever you are selecting woods, considering these qualities is a must.
Now, as you have finally brought a new set of fine wood furniture for your house, taking care of this furniture is equally needed. To keep the shine and glow of the furniture, you have to go beyond a step ahead than cleaning and dusting. Wood actually reacts to the environmental changes such as humidity, rain, heat, etc. If you want to keep your furniture last long with the persisting look then proper care is essential. But, how? You will get your answer .
Say ‘no to the sun
Sun had detrimental effects on the woods and wood finishes. Always keep your furniture out of direct sunlight. You may not even realize, how just a ray of sunlight can demolish the finishing of the furniture. But, the truth is that in the summer season sun rays coming through the windows can go above 140 degree Fahrenheit, which is really alarming for the wooden furniture. Over exposure to the sun fades away the finishing of the wooden furniture and gradually, it looks dull and less attractive and finally, will be destroyed. So, while setting your furniture, choose the place where there will be less exposure to the sun. Using tablecloths and doilies can slow down the process of fading but can’t resist.
Use a soft and damp clothes to clean the wooden furniture. It may sound weird, but yes, you can clean the furniture with a damp cloth. After cleaning with the damp cloth, clean the furniture again with dry clothes so that moistures don’t get the chance to set on the furniture. Don’t forget to wipe down the furniture after each exposure to moistures. Your dust clothes shouldn’t have any buttons, zips, thick seams, etc. that can create scratch on the surface.
Avoid using a feather duster. It can only move the dust around, instead of cleaning it properly and dust accumulates in the craving, joints or grooves eventually becomes difficult to remove which takes away the glow and finish of the furniture gradually. The major issue with the feather duster is that you can’t wash it and even your furniture can be scratched if the feather is broken.
No moisture or extreme heat
Both the factors have adverse effects on the wooden furniture. Wood, whether polished or not absorbs moisture from its surrounding. Over exposure to the moisture will cause the wood swell and expand. Sometimes this expansion can lead to crack or split in the furniture. Therefore, avoid setting your furniture in a damp and cold room.
Like moisture, excessive heat is also a threat for the wooden furniture. In extreme temperature, wood gets dry losing its moisture. As a result, crack in the wood is obvious. That’s why, placing your furniture in direct sunlight or near heating area is not a good option for the health of your furniture.
Don’t put hot or cold items on the furniture
Don’t put hot coffee mugs or cold drinks directly on the furniture. Excessive heated pots, pans or dishes without a pot holder can damage the finishing and surface of the furniture. As a result, the furniture will fade away. Condensation creates from the cold items cause blooming, where the finishing of the furniture can be fluffy and milky. To prevent such damage, never put the hot and cold cans on the surface of the wooden furniture. In case of unwanted placing, wipe off the area immediately to prevent damage.
Wood furniture is easily affected by moisture, extreme heat, etc. But, there are several other factors that can damage the finishing of your wooden furniture. Let’s have a look on them.
- Finish off the wood furniture can be damaged by the solvents like nail-polish remover, alcohol, etc. Keep them away from the wooden furniture.
- Body oil, fingerprints and perspiration can also harm the furniture in the long run. Use a different rack made of plastic or metal to store products like hair spray, body oil, nail-polish remover, etc. instead of wooden products.
- Don’t leave plastic objects on the wooden furniture. Plastics lying on the furniture may also damage the finish while pulling up. Plastic mats, toys, accessories cover, wrappers can leach color over time. So, using hot mats and coasters is always advisable though the finish of the furniture is heat and water resistant.
- Don’t put any sharp objects on the furniture for avoiding scratch on the surface.
It may not be compulsory, but if you feel commercial polishing substance can also be used to finish the furniture. But, few methods should follow applying these polishing products. While polishing, same type of polishing substance should be consistently. If wax-based and oil-based polishes are used interchangeably, the finishing may appear cloudy.
Moving the furniture
While moving the furniture from one place to another, special handling is needed. While living heavy furniture, please take help of at least two people for avoiding any injury and accidents. Drawers, cabinet, etc. while shifting lift from the bottom, instead of grabbing from the top. Sliding small pieces can damage your floor. So, keep the pieces away to save the floor and the legs of the furniture. You can use furniture shifters too for making the shifting safe and secure.
Wooden furniture has different appeals. The finishing of the wood differs from each other for their own natural color. To sustain this done and elegance, there is no alternate of proper maintenance. A careful supervision will sustain the glow and finish off the wood for decades.